Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan

By the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated March 1, 1995, the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan was established as a consultative and advisory body under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is entrusted with the interdepartmental coordination of activities for the development and strengthening of inter-ethnic relations. 

The constitutional reform of 2007 assigned the Assembly as an institution with constitutional status. The Assembly has a guaranteed parliamentary representation. 

In 2008, the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan” was adopted , which defined the regulatory legal framework for its activities in the field of inter-ethnic relations. 

In 2011, the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan approved the Regulations on the Assembly, which established the status and powers of the Assembly and its public structures. 

In 2018, the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Amendments and Additions to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan”, aimed at further improving its activities, was adopted .

The Assembly’s infrastructure has been strengthened, its integration into the system of civil society and state power has been ensured. 

On the instructions of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Elbasy, the scientific expert council of the Assembly was established in 2009.Scientific expert groups have been established in all regions on the basis of higher educational institutions. 

In 2011, the Center for the Study of Inter-ethnic and Interfaith Relations in the Central Asian Region was established at the Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, which is a working body of the scientific and expert council.

A club of the Assembly journalists was created. There are similar structures at the regional level.

Public consent councils and mothers' councils of the Assembly have been formed in all regions.

By the Decree of the Head of the State, the republican state institution “Kogamdyk Kelysym” was established under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2014 as the executive body of the Assembly. At the regional level, the municipal public institutions "Kogamdyk Kelysym" have been established under the regional Akims’ offices, cities of republican significance, the capital.

The Kazakhstan model of social harmony and unity was presented in the 56 languages of the countries participating in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and distributed in the embassies of the Republic of Kazakhstan abroad.

Memorandums of cooperation were signed with the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities, the Center for Global Dialogue and Cooperation, state and non-state structures of a number of countries. 

In 2014, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Assembly and the Secretariate of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia.

The following advantages of the Kazakhstan model to strengthen social harmony and national unity were formed.

Firstly, due to the purposeful policy of the First President of the country - Elbasy N. A. Nazarbayev - mechanisms for the realization of civil equality were created and improved, regardless of ethnic and religious affiliation.

Secondly, the representation and realization of the interests of Kazakhstan's ethnic groups are carried out at the highest state level - the President of the Assembly is the First President of the country - Elbasy. 

The decisions of the highest body of the Assembly - the Session - are obligatory for consideration by all state bodies. 

Thirdly, the guaranteed representation of the interests of ethnic groups in the Parliament of the country is ensured by the election of 9 deputies of the Majilis by the Assembly.

Fourthly, a value basis has been formed, based on general civil principles, common spiritual and cultural values and national historical consciousness. 

Fifthly, the state has created conditions and it provides support for the development of traditions, languages and culture of the people of Kazakhstan.

Sixthly, the Kazakhstan model of social harmony and national unity is developed on the basis of civil initiative and a constructive dialogue between the institutions of civil society and the state.

Seventhly, the principled position of Kazakhstan is that the use of ethnic issues for political purposes is unacceptable.

In Kazakhstan, generally accepted norms in the sphere of inter-ethnic relations have been introduced. Effective interaction of state bodies and civil society institutions was ensured. The efforts of ethnocultural associations in achieving the goals and objectives of the Assembly were integrated.  

At present, the Kazakhstan model of social harmony and national unity of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Elbasy Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev is recognized as one of the most successful in the world.